Hon. Fiame entered politics in Samoa in 1985 as the member for Lotofaga for the Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP).  Hon. Fiame was appointed Deputy Prime Minister after the 2016 elections, she has been a Cabinet Minister since 1991 and has held the Education, Youth, Sports and Culture, and Labour portfolios.  She is currently the Minister of Natural Resources and Energy.

Internationally, Fiame has represented Samoa and the Pacific Islands on the Executive Board of UNESCO and the Board of Governors of the Commonwealth of Learning. She has served as the Pro-Chancellor and Chair of the University of the South Pacific (USP) and also the Pacific Regional representative on the Commonwealth Women Parliamentarians (CWP) Steering Committee of the Commonwealth Parliamentarians’ Association.

Fiame is a keen advocate of women’s development especially in the area of women in politics. She maintains strong ties with the Samoa National Council of Women (NCW) and the Inailau Women’s Leadership Network, both of which she has been a longstanding member. More recently Fiame convened and leads the Women in Leadership Advocacy (WinLA), a network of women Parliamentarians, Chief Executive Officers and Public Service Commissioners in Samoa. “Fiame” is a chiefly title and is the ranking title of the Lotofaga district. Naomi was conferred the title Fiame in 1977.